Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, and Amir Timur are the names of outstanding conquerors and generals who left an undeniable mark on the history of the region. During the reign of the Timurids, Samarkand became the center of science and culture of the entire Ancient East.
The territory of the region is very diverse: in the South – highlands, and in the North – steppes. On the flat terrain there is a steppe, popularly called the Hungry steppe.
Approaching Samarkand from the north, you can see how the ancient settlement of Afrasiab (VII-II centuries BC), which was once the capital of the Sughd capital-the legendary Marakanda, is located on high hills.
At the entrance to Samarkand from the north, the ancient settlement of Afrasiab (VII-II centuries BC) is located on high hills. It is believed that Afrasiab with the ancient Sogdian capital of Marakanda. The ancient city was named after king Turan Afrasiab, one of the legendary heroes of the poem "Shahnameh" by the great Persian poet Firdousi.