About the Silk Road

The Silk Road, the ancient network of trading routes stretching more than 15,000 kilometers from Japan, the Korean Peninsula through today’s Central Asia, Caucasus and Anatolia to the Mediterranean Sea, dates back to the second century BC.

Formally established during the Han Dynasty of China (221–207 BC), the network began to be used regularly from 130 BC, when the Han officially opened trade with the West.

However, the greatest legacy of the Silk Road was the exchange of ideas and beliefs: culture, art, religion, philosophy, technology, language, science and architecture. It left an indelible mark on famous travelers, philosophers and warriors - from Marco Polo to Genghis Khan and the Sufi poet Rumi.

During antiquity some of the main traders along the Silk Road were the Chinese, Arabs, Somalis, Syrians, Jewish People, Persians, Greeks and Romans.

During medieval times, the Turkic states and peoples assumed an important place in the development as well as the protection of the Silk Road. For example, during the Seljuki Empire spanned from 1060 to around 1307, the Silk Road expanded its leading role in the world economy. The number of the caravanserais constructed along the Silk Road tremendously increased in this period of time. These caravanserais took their unique place in the pages of history as the symbols of cross-fertilization of the cultures along the Silk Road.

Meanwhile, together with the other historical monuments, they became the representatives of the rich historical and cultural Turkic heritage in this corridor.

Today, the Silk Road prevails as an out of box and attractive tourism destination for the curious tourists who would like to experience a unique journey from the past to the present. The cities in the Turkic Speaking States with their historical monuments including the symbolic caravansaries as well as their natural attractions open their gates to be discovered by curious tourists who would to taste such a different experience.

The Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States (Organization of Turkic States) is proud to present the Modern Silk Road Joint Tour Package Project, a unique 15-day guided tour to the important landmarks along ancient and modern Silk Road in Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.