Burana Tower is an 11th century minaret, located 75 kilometers from Kyrgyzstan’s capital Bishkek. Originally 45 meters high, it is all that remains of the ancient city of Balasagun, one of the capitals of the Karakhanid State between the 9th and 12th centuries and an important trading stop on the ancient Silk Road.
A number of earthquakes caused serious damage to the tower. The last big earthquake in the 15th century destroyed the top half, reducing its height to 24.6 meters. In 1973 a renovation project was carried out to restore the foundations and repair the front.