Central State Museum of Kazakhstan

The Central State Museum of Kazakhstan in Almaty is one of the biggest museums in Central Asia. Built in 1985, it contains more than 300,000 exhibits and has seven exhibition halls.

The first hall houses the paleontology and archaeology collections from more than 300 sites around Kazakhstan. It is here that you can also see a replica of the costume worn by the Golden Man, a warrior from the 5th century BC and one of Kazakhstan’s main symbols of independence. The original is made of more than 4,000 pieces of gold and is said to be kept in a vault in the National Bank of Kazakhstan in Almaty.

In the second hall you can see items of traditional Kazakh culture and everyday life: jewelry, carpets, clothing, Kazakh embroidery and a full-size display of a nomadic house, or yurt, with a traditional interior. The most significant display is beshmet, the impressive gold-thread embroidery made by skilled craftsmen and women.

The third hall is devoted to the history and culture of the various ethnicities that have lived in Kazakhstan and other countries. There are photos, rare documents, household items and arts and crafts on display from Russia, the Ukraine, Chechnya, Turkey, Korea and Germany. There is also an exhibition entitled “Kazakhstan during the World War II (1941-1945)”.

The forth hall is entitled “Modern Kazakhstan” and represents the history of the Republic of Kazakhstan since 1991, when the country became independent. Exhibits include the state flag, the original Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan (dated 1995), banknotes and stamps.

The remaining halls contain archaeological finds, anthropological displays and works of art.

The fifth hall named “Archaeological Gold of Kazakhstan” houses the exhibition consisting of unique artefacts from various regions of Kazakhstan.

The sixth hall entitled “the Museum of Anthropology” offers a unique journey into ancient times of humankind to witness primitive lifestyle of pre-historic people and the start of the civilization.

The seventh hall is a collection of artwork by H.G. Khludov (1850-1935) a distinguished Russian painter, ethnographer and historian, a member of Turkistan group of archaeology aficionados, founder of Semirechye department of the Russian Geographic Society, who moved to Kazakhstan in 1879. The Central State Museum displays the unique collection of 214 paintings by H.G. Khludov.